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    • 年度最佳設計花落誰家?
    • 2012-02-29     返回↵
    • What are the best Designs of the Year?







      The Design Museum's new exhibition shows us the last year in 89 objects  and reveals many of our current preoccupations, from virtual grocery shopping to printers that produce glass



      When the BBC aired a radio programme last year called A History of the World in 100 Objects, it was a deserved hit. Such anthropological lists are useful story-telling devices. A similar, though more modest, project is underway at the Design Museum's Designs of the Year exhibition, which opens today. Looking through the other end of the telescope, we see the last year in 89 objects; everything from opera houses to typefaces. So what does this panoply of global design tell us about designers' current preoccupations?



      Frankly, from these objects you could weave almost any narrative you like. There is media-friendly populism in the shape of the Olympic torch and lacework from Kate Middleton's wedding dress; there are consumer products (but only a few); and there is furniture of the finest craftsmanship. But what stands out is a spirit of innovation  and a growing concern with social issues.



      Genuine innovation, of course, is less about inventing new objects than new processes. And so it is with Markus Kayser's Solar Sinter, a 3D printer that prints glass objects. Designed for use in desert environments, the machine draws on their two inexhaustible resources: sun and sand. A lens concentrates sunlight into a laser-strength beam that morphs sand into molten glass. The resulting objects are roughly finished but impressive given what is effectively a homemade machine. Either it's manufacturing Mad Max-style, with the attendant apocalyptic edge, or it's a more optimistic glimpse of sustainable production for the future  you choose.

      Silo's Not So Expanded Polystyrene (NSEPSP) table



      Experimentation with unorthodox materials runs right through the exhibition. To most people, polystyrene is the white packaging they chuck away after pulling their new computer out of the box. But one young design studio, Silo, has been turning it into furniture. They found that before it's expanded into the weightless white stuff we know so well, it's sturdy enough to make tables and chairs. Similarly, Werner Aisslinger has used moulded hemp to produce a stackable cantilevered chair, ordinarily only made out of plastic. Whether or not these experiments become commercial successes, they are reminders that products will not always look, feel or behave the way they do today.



      The same goes for systems that we take for granted. If the journey home from work involves a detour for some grocery shopping, it may not for much longer. Last year, Homeplus, the South Korean arm of Tesco, opened a virtual store in a Seoul underground station. It looks much like the real thing, except the supermarket shelves are an interactive touchscreen, allowing you to choose what you want and have it delivered to your home the same day  it's a vending machine for the internet age. With Tesco's current ubiquity in the UK, it may only be a matter of time before this hits the Tube.

      A vending machine for the internet age ... Home plus's virtual store in Seoul



      Some systems, however, lag way behind the products they support. Every year, there's a brace of electric cars in this show, but until someone designs a network of rapid refuelling stations they'll remain the next big thing in transport. Ambulances, on the other hand, never get redesigned  they haven't changed for decades, and are still primarily made to deliver patients to hospitals. Yet the prototype exhibited here, designed by a team at the Helen Hamlyn Centre for Design, allows medics to treat patients in situ. It has a more spacious interior, with a central gurney for 360 degree access (instead of crammed against the side of the vehicle) and easy to clean surfaces that prevent cross-infection. The designers estimate that it could reduce hospital admissions by 60 per cent, saving tens of millions of pounds per year. Now it just needs the NHS to invest.

      Not everything is marching forward. Graphic design is in a phase of deep conservatism, fighting a rear-guard action against the digital onslaught. But this retreat into traditional values is producing some beautiful work, such as John Morgan's dignified design for the architecture journal AA Files, and reminding us what we always loved about print.

      Guangzhou Opera House by Zaha Hadid Architects. Photograph: Iwan Baan



      The Design Museum, fresh from unveiling its forthcoming home at the Commonwealth Institute, can dine out on the fact there is no other design exhibition quite like Designs of the Year. For one thing, it's admirably democratic  where else could you see the Guangzhou Opera House, designed by Zaha Hadid, running against a wooden folly under a flyover in Hackney? But then, to see this as an award scheme is to miss the point. It's true that a jury will have the unenviable task of picking a winner from these 89 contenders. But the real attraction of the exhibition is that it offers an annual snapshot of how the world is changing  how, through the design equivalent of natural selection, today is becoming tomorrow.

      You can see the full list of nominations here. Which ones get your vote?

      This year's nominations are below, visit the exhibtion blog at designsoftheyear.com


      Butaro Hospital, Butaro, Rwanda
      MASS Design Group

      Folly for a Flyover, London, UK
      Assemble, supported by The Bank of America Merrill Lynch CREATE Art Award

      Guangzhou Opera House, Guangzhou, China
      Zaha Hadid Architects

      Hepworth Wakefield, Wakefield, UK
      David Chipperfield Architects

      Care Home, Huise-Zingem, Belgium
      Sergison Bates Architects LLP

      Maggies Centre, Gartnavel, Glasgow, UK

      National Park of Mali Buildings, Bamako, Mali
      Di b do Francis K r  of K r  Architecture

      Moses Bridge, Fort de Roovere, Netherlands
      RO&AD Architects

      London 2012 Velodrome, London, UK
      Hopkins Architects

      Spaceport America, New Mexico
      Foster + Partners

      The Iron Market, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
      John McAslan + Partners

      Youth Factory, M rida, Spain
      Selgascano, Gestaltskate and Jarex


      BC Homepage Version 4, London, UK

      Beck’s - The Green Box Project
      Designed for Anheuser-Busch InBev by Mother London, Jason Bruges Studios and Motim Technologies

      Face Substitution, New York, USA
      Arturo Castro and Kyle McDonald

      Guardian iPad edition, London, UK
      Guardian News and Media in consultation with Mark Porter

      High Arctic, National Maritime Museum, London, UK
      United Visual Artists

      Homeplus Tesco Virtual Store, Seoul, South Korea
      Homeplus Tesco

      Letter to Jane, Portland, USA
      Tim Moore

      Microsoft Kinect and Kinect SDK
      Microsoft Games Studios, Microsoft Research and Xbox, UK and USA

      Musicity, London, UK
      Concept by Nick Luscombe and Simon Jordan and designed by Jump Studios

      The Stanley Parable, California, USA
      Written and created by Davey Wreden

      Suwappu, London, UK
      Dentsu London, UK, in consultation with BERG


      Alexander McQueen: Savage Beauty, The Costume Institute at the Metropolitan Museum, New York, USA
      Andrew Bolton with the support of Harold Koda of The Costume Institute, New York, USA

      The Duchess of Cambridge’s Wedding Dress, London, UK
      Sarah Burton for Alexander McQueen

      Film for Gareth Pugh, London, UK
      Directed by Ruth Hogben

      C line Autumn/Winter ’11, Paris, France
      Phoebe Philo at C line

      Late Night Chameleon Caf , London, UK
      Store design: Gary Card, Creative director: John Skelton, Brand director: Dan Mitchell

      Mary Katrantzou Autumn/Winter ‘11, London, UK
      Mary Katrantzou

      Melissa + Gaetano Pesce Boot and Flip Flop, New York, USA
      Gaetano Pesce, Manufactured by Melissa, Brazil

      Oratory Jacket, London, UK
      Will Carleysmith, Brompton Bicycle Ltd

      Suno Spring/Summer ‘11, New York, USA

      Vivienne Westwood Ethical Fashion Africa Collection, Autumn/Winter ’11
      Vivienne Westwood, London, UK

      132 5. ISSEY MIYAKE
      Miyake Design Studio, Tokyo, Japan


      Balsa Furniture, London, UK
      Kihyun Kim

      Chassis, Munich, Germany
      Stefan Diez

      The Crates, Beijing, China
      Naihan Li & Co

      Earthquake Proof Table, Jerusalem, Israel
      Arthur Brutter and Ido Bruno

      Harbour Chair, London, UK
      Andr  Klauser and Ed Carpenter at Very Good & Proper, London, UK

      Hemp Chair, Berlin, Germany
      Werner Aisslinger

      Lightwood, London, UK
      Jasper Morrison

      Moon Rock Tables, London, UK
      Bethan Laura Wood

      Not So Expanded Polystyrene (NSEPS), London, UK
      Attua Aparicio & Oscar Wanless at SILO

      Oak Inside, Rotterdam, Netherlands
      Christien Meindertsma

      Osso, Paris, France
      Ronan and Erwan Bouroullec

      Textile Field at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London
      Ronan and Erwan Bouroullec, Paris, France, in collaboration with Kvadrat, Denmark

      Tip Ton, London, UK
      Edward Barber & Jay Osgerby

      Waver, Munich, Germany
      Konstantin Grcic

      XXXX_Sofa, Eindhoven, Netherlands
      Yuya Ushida


      AA Files, London, UK
      John Morgan Studio

      Beauty is in the Street, London, UK
      Four Corners Books, Cover designed by John Morgan
      Book interior designed by Pierre Le Hors

      Bloomberg Businessweek, New York, USA
      Bloomberg Businessweek

      The Comedy Carpet, Blackpool, UK
      Gordon Young and Why Not Associates

      Cover artwork and video for Join Us by They Might Be Giants, New York, USA
      Paul Sahre

      Cut it Out, London, UK
      Noma Bar

      Matthew Hilton identity and website, London, UK

      Nokia Pure Font, London, UK
      Dalton Maag

      One Thousand Cranes for Japan
      Concept by Anomaly and Unit 9, London, UK

      Photo-Lettering, Yorklyn, USA
      House Industries

      GF Smith Digital Campaign, London, UK
      SEA Design

      Stockmann packaging, Helskinki, Finland
      Kokoro & Moi

      Self Service Magazine
      Petronio Associates

      What Design Can Do!, Amsterdam, Netherlands
      De Designpolitie

      Your Browser Sent A Request That This Server Could Not Understand,
      Rotterdam, Netherlands
      Koen Taselaar


      Ascent, Haunch of Venison, London, UK
      Edward Barber and Jay Osgerby

      pq Eyewear designed by Ron Arad A-frame line and Corbs line
      Ron Arad

      Botanica, Eindhoven, Netherlands
      Studio Formafantasma

      Carbon Black Wheelchair, I Imagine, UK
      Andrew Slorance

      Defibtech Lifeline VIEW™ Automated External Defibrillator (AED), LLC Guilford, USA

      Heracleum, Schiedam, Netherland
      Bertjan Pot powered Through Electrosandwich® By Marcel Wanders for Moooi

      Hövding Invisible Cycle Helmet

      Jawbone JAMBOX, San Francisco, USA
      Yves B har, Fuseproject

      The Learning Thermostat, USA
      Nest, Palo Alto

      Mine Kafon, Eindhoven, Netherlands
      Massoud Hassani

      The London 2012 Olympic Torch, UK
      Edward Barber and Jay Osgerby, commissioned by the London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games

      Black and Decker

      Shade, London, UK
      Simon Heijdens

      Solar Sinter, London, UK
      Markus Kayser Studio

      Thixotrope, London, UK
      Conny Freyer, Sebastien Noel and Eva Rucki of Troika

      TMA-1 Headphones

      Totem, London, UK
      Bethan Laura Wood in collaboration with Pietro Viero

      White Collection, Finland
      Ville Kokkonen


      787 Dreamliner

      Autolib’ Paris, France
      Bertrand Delanoë, Mayor of Paris, France

      Bike Hanger - Bicycle Storage, New York, USA
      Manifesto Architecture

      Mia Electric Car
      Mia Electric

      Re-design for Emergency Ambulance, London, UK
      Helen Hamlyn Centre for Design and Vehicle Design Department,Royal College of Art

      T27 Electric Car, Surrey, UK
      Gordon Murray Design

      Taurus Electro G4
      Pipistrel doo Ajdovscina





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